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Bone Marrow Transplant- a great procedure to treat the deadly disease
Posted by :Elizabeth WebsterPosted date : December 20, 2018In HealthComments Off on Bone Marrow Transplant- a great procedure to treat the deadly disease
The modern life has doubtlessly got a number of facilities with the help of technology, but the same has affected the human body badly. A number of diseases are there that have been researched by the experts in this era, and one can find the best options for the cure irrespective of the level of the type of disease. The bone marrow transplant is also one of such diseases that prove fatal in case one does not get the right treatment at the very right time.
It was in 1968 that medical science attained a significant benchmark owing to a successful bone marrow transplant for the very first time. Since then, the best bone marrow transplant hospitals in India have worked tremendously on this medical procedure which is why today it can be used to cure several deadly diseases like leukaemia, aplastic anaemia, breast cancer and others. However, though bone marrow transplant can be used to cure many malignant as well as non-malignant diseases, there are still many people who are unable to get this treatment done owing to lack of donors.
What is the meaning of Bone Marrow Transplant?
Bone Marrow Transplant, or also known as BMT, is a medical procedure which is used to replace diseased bone marrow with healthy marrow stem cells. The bone marrow is a flexible and soft tissue within the bone. It is located in big sized bones like hips, breastbone as well as spine bone. Certain kind of immature cells, called stem cells, present in the bone marrow produces new blood cells such as leukocytes, erythrocytes as well as thrombocyte.
How is the Bone Marrow Transplant procedure performed?
The stem cells of the patients who suffer from diseases like leukaemia, aplastic anaemia, breast cancer, etc. produce unusual blood cells which obstruct normal blood cell development. In a BMT, the best bone marrow transplant hospitals in India dismantle the dysfunctional bone marrow which produces the unusual blood cells through treatments like radiation and chemotherapy and then plants a healthy marrow.
The healthy bone marrow is a replacement of the damaged or diseased marrow and begins developing health normal blood cells. If the transplant is successful, then it may most likely cure the patient’s disease completely. The new healthy marrow might take around a year to function optimally. The patient during this one year has to consult the doctor frequently for checkups to avoid any sort of complications which may occur.
When is it necessary to undergo Bone Marrow Transplantation?
Diseases such as aplastic anaemia, thalassemia, leukaemia or any other immune deficiency disorders and more can be cured using bone marrow transplantation. Cancers such as multiple myeloma, Hodgkin’s as well as non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, etc. can be cured using BMT. There are a few childhood cancers such as neuroblastoma, sarcomas and others which can also be treated with BMT.
Bone Marrow Transplant; what are the types?
Autologous bone marrow transplant utilizes the stem cells from the bone marrow of the patient who is being treated. The patient has to undergo vigorous chemotherapy just after the stem cells are collected and frozen. When the sessions of the chemotherapy are over, the collected stem cells are implanted back in the patient’s body later on.
Allograft Bone Marrow Transplant utilizes stem cells collected from a donor. In this type of BMT, the donor needs to be either a member of the patient’s family or a stranger. Of course, there is a rare possibility of finding a stranger whose bone marrow is a perfect match for the patient. Therefore, usually siblings, i.e. sister or brother, of the patient or any person related to the family having a perfect genetic match with the patient are chosen as the donor.
What are the benefits of Bone Marrow Transplant?
There are several factors which determine the benefits a patient who has undergone a bone marrow transplant will attain. The factors include the kind of cancer the patient was suffering, the type of bone marrow transplant utilized, the percentage of stem cells match between the donor and the patient and also the patient’s overall health and his/her age.
Bone marrow transplantation has the potential to completely cure a patient of the disease he/she was affected with, or in some cases, the procedure can be used to bring the disease under control. Based on how successful bone marrow transplantation procedure was, the patient will be able to return to his/her usual life in just some months or at times, in a year.
Can any complications emerge post the Bone Marrow Transplantation?
The complications which may evolve after the bone marrow transplantation is based on several factors such as the age, current general health condition of the patient as well as the disease he/she has. Besides, the treatment took before the bone marrow transplant treatment such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy also are important factors associated with the complications.
Moreover, the complication will also depend on the percentage of stem cell match between the donor and the patient, the type of bone marrow transplant utilized, i.e. allograft or autologous. Usually, the common complications observed include the patient getting vulnerable to infections, anaemia, experiencing soreness in the throat, stomach, mouth and so forth.
How much does bone marrow transplant cost?
A bone marrow transplant is a quite expensive medical procedure which may include expenditure running in hundreds or thousands of dollars. Besides, the cost of the entire procedure highly depends on the type of bone marrow transplant the patient will receive. For example, an Allogenic bone marrow transplant is quite expensive than compared to Autologous bone marrow transplant.
However, thanks to the latest advances being made in the field of medicine, the best bone marrow transplant hospitals in India are capable of performing the treatment using the needed laboratory infrastructure. They have got the latest and most advanced technology to collect and harvest the bone marrow stem cells. Besides, they also have blood bank stocked with all the necessary blood type. The other kind of supportive medical facilities such hospitals comprise includes well-equipped microbiology and pathology departments.