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Chronic disease in Australia
Posted by :Paul PetersenPosted date : July 4, 2020In HealthComments Off on Chronic disease in Australia
Chronic disease in Australia is the leading cause of illness, disability and death. The eight most common chronic conditions are arthritis, asthma, back pain, cancer, cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, and mental health conditions. These conditions contribute to 61% of the burden of disease, and 87% of deaths.
The home doctor experts at House Call Doctor have all the information you need to know.
What is chronic disease?
Chronic diseases are long-lasting conditions and they often have social and economic consequences. Most chronic diseases don’t fix themselves and are generally not cured completely. They are mostly characterised by:
A long illness
Multiple risk factors
Functional impairment or disability.
There are many risk factors that can affect your risk of developing a chronic condition. They fall into two main groups: risk factors you can change and ones you can’t (for example, age, gender, genetics). The most common risk factors that affect Australians include:
Excessive alcohol intake
Not getting enough physical exercise
High blood pressure
Poor cholesterol levels.
Preventing chronic conditions
Some chronic conditions are not preventable as they are genetic, or the cause is unknown. Other chronic conditions can sometimes develop due to risk factors people can control, including:
Reducing your alcohol intake
Getting enough physical activity
Maintaining a healthy weight and blood pressure
Having good cholesterol levels.
Cancer is another type of chronic condition. Australia has free screening programs such as National Cervical Screening Program, BreastScreen Australia Program and National Bowel Cancer Screening Program.
Diagnosing chronic conditions
If you have any problems or symptoms that are concerning you, contact your GP or local healthcare professional. They will be able to order diagnostic tests, such as blood tests, X-rays, CT, MRI or ultrasounds to help determine what may be wrong. Your doctor may refer you to a specialist to find out more information.