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The Most Common Causes and Symptoms of Hip Fracture
Posted by :Clare LouisePosted date : August 16, 2018In HealthComments Off on The Most Common Causes and Symptoms of Hip Fracture
A hip fracture, also known as a broken hip, is a common injury in older women with underlying ‘thinning’ of the bones (osteoporosis).
An operation by an orthopaedic surgeon is must to fix the break in the bone. Any underlying osteoporosis should also be treated after a hip fracture, to reduce the chance of it happening again.
Symptoms of a Hip Fracture:
Being unable to lift, move or rotate your leg
Not being able to stand or put weight on your leg
A shorter leg
In case of a hip fracture, it is imperative to get to the hospital as soon as possible. Any delay in seeking medical care can cause serious complications. Be sure to call for an ambulance.
Usually, hip fractures occur as a result of a fall, especially when the bones are weak due to osteoporosis.
Falls are usually most common in older people because they are more likely to trigger other health problems that increase their risk of falling, such as:
Problems with balance
Low blood pressure
A fall can result in a hip fracture especially when you have osteoporosis. This condition makes the bones less dense. The condition usually affects older people, but it can affect people of any age.
As you get old, you start to lose bone density. This is a standard sign of ageing, but some people may experience osteoporosis.
Healthy bones are very dense, and the spaces inside the bones are small. In case of osteoporosis, the spaces become larger, thus making people vulnerable to hip fracture after a fall. Due to this condition, the bones become:
More likely to break
Hip Fracture in Younger People:
While hip fractureis most common in older people, younger people may also have hip fractures due to a severe accident, such as a fall from a height or a car crash.
If someone is affected by hip fractures, he or she should be taken to the hospital as soon as possible. The diagnosis will take place at the hospital. In most cases, this will mean calling for an ambulance, as it is unlikely that you can comfortably be moved without a stretcher.
Assessment in Hospital:
Once you are admitted in hospital with suspected hip fractures, doctors treating you will assess your overall condition. Before performing any operation, they may:
Look for the reasons of your fall
Ask you whether you have pre-existing health problems, such as heart attack
Ask you if you are taking any medication
Assess how much pain you are in
Assess your mental state
Measure your temperature
Make sure you are not dehydrated
Depending on the assessment, you will be treated with:
A local anaesthetic injection near your hip
To identify and confirm your hip has been fractured, it may be necessary to perform imaging tests to create a picture of the bones in your hip. All of these is explained in the following:
X-rays are usually recommended to create an image of the inside of your body. This diagnostic test uses electromagnetic radiation to detect problems with bones, such as fractures, and this is likely to be the first imaging test you have.
If X-ray is unclear, a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan or a bone scan might be needed. It uses strong magnetic fields and radio waves to demonstrate the detailed image of the inside of the body. MRI scans are very useful at confirming even subtle hip fractures.
A computerised tomography (CT) scan may be recommended if you are not able to have an MRI scan.
Surgery is the only treatment option for hip fractures.
The surgery should usually take place within 48 hours of admission to hospital if the condition permits an operation.
In half of the cases, a partial or complete hip replacement is recommended. The other cases require surgery to fix the fracture with plates and screws or rods.
The type of surgery required to fix the fracture depends on many factors, including:
Type of fracture
Your level of mobility before the fracture
The condition of the bone and joint – for example, whether or not you have arthritis